2023-11-12   03838

The Hopf Bundle: an Example of a Nontrivial Principal Bundle

The Hopf bundle, also called the Hopf fibration, is a relatively simple example of a principal bundle. A principal bundle is a mathematical structure that is important in the study of gauge fields. Articles 70621 and 76708 introduced some of the general concepts, and this article uses the Hopf bundle to illustrate a few of them in detail.

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www.cphysics.org updated 2024-07-11