2023-11-12   03838

The Hopf Bundle: an Example of a Nontrivial Principal Bundle

The Hopf bundle, also called the Hopf fibration, is a relatively simple example of a principal bundle. A principal bundle is a mathematical structure that is important in the study of gauge fields. Articles 70621 and 76708 introduced some of the general concepts, and this article uses the Hopf bundle to illustrate a few of them in detail.

Download PDF (31 pages, 304 KB)

Revision history


www.cphysics.org updated 2024-04-08